Numerical simulations are extremely important for the design of diffraction-limited storage rings, since any perturbation can compromise the performances of these facilities.
- OASYS / Shadow – Raytracing software with GUI
Reference paper (1,2) Documentation
plug-ins: DABAM (ref) – Hybrid (ref) – Wiser (ref)
- SRW (Synchrotron radiation Workshop) – The Reference in Wavefront propagation. No documentation available,
Reference paper (1, 2)
- WPG – Intuitive interface to SRW (L Samoylova);
Used at EuXFEL, Reference paper. Documentation
- xrt (X-Ray Tracer) – developed by K Klementiev.
Documentation. Reference paper
- Ray-UI (not open source)
Reference papers (1, 2)
- Virtual Lab (Commercial, F Wyrowski)
- Sirepo (Radiasoft, free) – Online interface to SRW and Shadow3
SPECTRA – calculate optical properties of synchrotron radiation (SR) emitted from bending magnets, wigglers and undulator
Zemax not good off axis and point sampling.
Historically, the tolerances on mirror and gratings were based on the slope error. As
Caustics vs Speckle (EFPL)
Design of beamlines and monochromators
A very general review of gratings can be found here (Popov, 2012)
Here is a very partial list of beamline designs
(please provide additional examples!):
- Sirius CARNAÚBA (DLSR): (Tolentino, 2018)
- ALS PX beamlines (McDowell, 2004)
- ALS Reflectometry (Underwood, 1996)
Influence of figure error and heatload
The heatload on mirror is important.
It can be mitigated by changing the angle of incidence on a VLS grating (Reininger, 2008), by using a bender or by resorting to adaptive optics.